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IJBMS prefers to publish original articles written
specifically for the journal, as opposed to papers prepared
for presentation or publication elsewhere. The journal
occasionally accepts previously published articles if they
are judged to be of particular value and have had only
be submitted to
addressing to the chief editor.
The preferred form of
submission is as a word document, as an email
attachment. For very large files where email
transmission is difficult, consult the editor to
know how the submission could be made conveniently
for both parties. Electronic submission allows a
quick response as to the general suitability of
papers for the journal, and editorial suggestions
can be provided as to how papers may be revised to
improve suitability. Each submission must be
accompanied with two potential reviewers' names and
contact details along with author(s)’s biography
(75 words). Accepted manuscript implies that
respective author(s) will be listed on the Guest
Reviewer Section (GRS) after being evaluated by the
editorial board. The proposed potential reviewers by
the authors also will be listed on the GRS being
reserves the right to edit all copy as deemed
appropriate for length and the overall style of the
journal. The Editors will attempt to maintain the
style and point of view of the author(s). Wherever
possible, the author(s) will be consulted with
respect to major changes. The authors require
submitting their manuscripts along with the
'copyright transfer form' (downloadable from this
plagiarism-prevention declaration form also must be
submitted which is available at
They are available in Doc format. No fax will be accepted for copy right transfer and
plagiarism-prevention declaration form.
Sending both forms through email does not require to
be signed necessarily but a digital signature is
appreciated. The forms must be sent from
corresponding author’s email address which must be
maintained until the paper is published, if
author of a manuscript must subscribe the
corresponding email address to the group email list maintained by the publisher. The email
subscription process is available at this link:
Please take note that the journal publisher will not
use this email address for any purpose other than
publication relevant activities. This website has
been developed to support the authors of the journal
as well as the fellow researchers, marketing
or such activities are not within the agenda of the
publisher (Society for Alliance, Fidelity and
Advancement-SAFA). It is convenient for the journal
management committee to have all the authors on the
same list for secure, reliable, effective and more
Edit-suggestions by the Editors Before Review
IJBMS has adopted an
effective mechanism to assist the authors in preparing their
manuscript, if lacks required standard, to be accepted by
the journal. The submitted manuscript is commented by the
editor immediately about the suitability to the scope of the
journal. If the manuscript falls within the scope of the
journal, the editor will provide edit-suggestion to improve
the paper which certainly increases the chance of
acceptance. Until the manuscript seems ready for the review
process, the editor will put effort to make it up to the
The communication between the
editor and author will be done through email which reduces
the time of revision substantially. Moreover, intensive use
of ICT facilities make this communication easily recordable
for several edits and pre-printing stage. Thus, IJBMS
can make a decision comparatively in a short time.
Process Time before Publication Decision
Incomplete submission is sent
back to the author with the instructions to be
followed to make a complete submission. After being
official procedures done, the
submitted manuscript is provided with
edit-suggestions, if requires, by chief editor until
it is ready for review. If a manuscript is ready in
all aspects of IJBMS's requirement, it is
sent out for two double-blind peer-reviews. Reviewed
manuscript is examined by the editors and author(s)
is notified the decision on publication. If further
review or resubmission is required, author is
communicated. A usual process of publication is
followed onward this stage. If auhtor(s) agrees with
the review policy of IJBMS, only then they
are requested to send the
transfer form and
along with the manuscript.
It is to be noted that the journal makes its
decision based on an index which is called
Acceptance Factor Average (SAFATM).
The SAFATM is an index that is calculated
based on the double-blind peer-review comments and
assigned weights. Authors must remember that the
SAFATM concerns even the overall
formatting as well as required referencing style. A
manuscript needs more than 0.5 scores to be accepted
for publication. If the review version of a
manuscript is not properly prepared in terms of
citation, reference, overall format and structure,
the SAFATM will fall lower which may
leads to a decision of rejection. The authors are
advised to prepare their manuscript up to the
requirement by the journal. If anyone is not able to
understand the style guide of the journal, they are
requested to consult the chief editor in this
The approximate review
time 40 days is counted since the day of being sent
out for review. Once a manuscript is sent out for
review, author will be notified so that they can
watch the time being taken for review. If there is
delay, author can contact chief editor to be updated
about the progress of their submission. In case of
a decision of acceptance, the manuscript will be in
the queue for being produced. The corresponding
author will be notified about the anticipated issue
number that includes the respective manuscript.
Authors can request for formal acceptance letter
from the chief editor which will be issued
electronically and signed digitally but can be
printed while necessary.
Online Edition First
According to our new
system, an accepted and complete manuscript will be
published online first. The corresponding author
will be notified once their paper appears on the
journal website. The published
articles will be available on Ebscohost/ProQuest/RMIT website for
Manuscripts should preferably be on A4 paper, in Times Roman 12 point font,
single spacing. Shorter contributions are welcome.
The first page of an article
should include title and a brief abstract
or summary (150 words).
The 2nd page should provide author's(s) details (full
name, title and contact address (including telephone, fax and e-mail).
The following page should start with the title followed by author's line (name,
affiliation) and a brief abstract not more than 150 words. Corresponding author's
name should be
mentioned clearly. Subsequent pages should be numbered sequentially.
Click here to see a sample of
three. Authors are requested
not to propose anybody's name out of the editorial board and external review board as a reviewer.
here to learn about proposing potential reviewers during submission.
A research paper or
review paper may have maximum 12000 words whereas a
case study or short communication should be limited
to 8000 words. The word count of a research or
methodological note should not exceed 6000 words. A
book review should be limited to 1500 words. The
journal always appreciate short papers but without
sacrificing necessary methodological description.
Each letter must not exceed a world count of 500
Authors are encouraged to provide supporting illustrative material with
manuscripts. Tables, graphs, maps and drawings should not be separated from the body
of the text. For the
presentation of quantitative data, graphs are preferred to tables
because they contain more information and are easier
to edit and reproduce. Authors
should provide precise data for the possible re-elaboration of graphs, which
should be sent in electronic form. The program in which any graphs or maps are
submitted should be indicated.
Graph axes and table column
headings are to be labeled with names of variables and units of measurement. It
will sometimes be desirable to place more technical material in appendices. Photographs are printed in
black and white; however, originals may be submitted either as black- and-white
or color prints or high-resolution electronic files. Manuscripts without required format might be rejected or sent back to the author
Articles should be written in plain, concise
language and in a style that is accessible and interesting to professionals in
general, and not only to specialists in the topic concerned. Jargon should be
avoided and technical terms that may be unfamiliar to readers should be defined
the first time they appear. Footnotes should be avoided as far as possible.
Abbreviations and acronyms should be defined the first time they are used. In order to learn about writing journal article
and understand the style of scientific writing you can visit
All measurements should be given in the metric system. When monetary data are
mentioned, a conversion to US dollars should be included, based on the current
rate at the time the article is submitted.
superscripts should be clear.
Take special care
to show clearly the difference between zero (0)
and the letter (O), and between one (1) and the
Give the meaning
of all symbols immediately after the equation in
which they are first used.
fractions use the solidus (/) instead of a
horizontal line. If the equation is complex one,
a horizontal line can be used.
be numbered serially at the right-hand side in
parentheses by using numbers such (1)and so on.
In general only equations explicitly referred to
in the text need be numbered.
The use of
fractional powers instead of root signs is
recommended. Also powers of e are often more
conveniently denoted by exp.
Italic form any
part of an equation is not recommended. Authors
are recommended to use the same font size (12
points) as the text for equations.
take notice of the limitations set by the size
and layout of the journal. Large tables should
be avoided. Reversing columns and rows will
often reduce the dimensions of a table.
Suggested font size of a table is 9 points
excluding table heading. Table heading will have
similar font size as general text (12 points).
If many data are
to be presented, an attempt should be made to
divide them over two or more tables.
Tables should be
numbered according to their sequence in the
text. The text should include references to all
Each table should
have a brief and self-explanatory title.
should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory.
Standard abbreviations of units of measurement
should be added between parentheses.
should not be used to separate columns. Leave
some extra space between the columns instead.
essential to the understanding of the table
should be given as a footnote at the bottom of
the table. Levels of
statistical significance which can be mentioned
without further explanation are *P〈 0.05, **P〈
0.01 and ***P〈0.001 at the bottom of the table.
When a manuscript is
received by the journal, it is considered to be in
its final form. As the index concerns all aspects
including submission criteria, it is wise to avoid
the practice of submitting draft version for
examining the chance of acceptance. Proofs are not
being regarded as 'drafts'. One set of proofs in PDF
format will be sent to the corresponding author, to
be checked for typesetting/ editing. No changes in,
or additions to, the accepted (and subsequently
edited) manuscript will be allowed at this stage.
Proofreading is solely author’s responsibility. The
Publisher reserves the right to proceed with
publication if corrections are not communicated.
Corrections need to be returned within 3 working
days of receipt of the proofs. Should there be no
corrections, please confirm this. IJBMS will
do everything possible to get the article corrected
and published as quickly and accurately as possible.
In order to do this we need author’s assistance.
When authors receive the (PDF) proof of an article
for correction, it is important to ensure that all
corrections are sent back to the publisher in one
communication. Subsequent corrections will not be
possible, so author must ensure that the first
sending is complete. Note that this does not mean
you have any less time to make your corrections just
that only one set of corrections will be accepted.
When we calculate the index 'SAFATM (Standardized
Acceptance Factor Average)' the
reviewers' comments on the entire format as well as
reference section are considered. The SAFA can be
lower due to low score in these two criteria. Please
be aware of your format and reference section. The
SAFA is important because the journal makes its
decision based on this index which appears on the
top right corner of the cover page of a published
article. Usually if an article shows the SAFATM
more than 0.5 and closed to 1 indicates high quality
according to reviewer's opinion.]
should be accompanied by appropriate references. The
name of the author(s) and date of publication should
be indicated at appropriate points in the text (e.g.
Franklin and Forman, 1987; Viana et al., 1996), with
the full reference given in a separate list at the
end of the article. Please do not forget to mention
the name of the city of publishing and publisher.
The following issues should be considered during
citation and in the reference section:
a. A tendency and a
desire to cite one’s own previous or current work is
understandable. However, excessive use of
self-citations causes some problems such as
revealing authors identity which may minimize the
effectiveness of double blind peer review. Thus, try
to avoid much self-citation.
b. If a few
citations are made for a section or statement,
arrange them alphabetically. If the citations are
from same author, arrange them in ascending order by
year. Do not use ampersand in anywhere of the text.
Also note that two or more works by the same author
(or by an identical group of authors) published in
the same year are distinguished by “a,” “b,” etc.,
added after the year.
c. Citations to the
source of a direct quotation must give a page number
or numbers; these follow the date of publication and
are separated from it by a colon. Paraphrasing needs
also page number as quotation. Example:
that “being entrepreneur needs………”
(2005:273). (as cited in the text)
In the reference
section, the source of quotation must be referenced
properly by providing details. Do not forget to
mention the name of publishing authority and city.
d. If a study has
two authors, give both names every time the work is
cited in the text (Raman and Albert, 2005).
e. A citation with
more than two authors should provide all authors
name during first time citation in the article. Next
time for the same citation use the family name of
the first author with “et al.” Example:
organizations implement three types of pay
level…..(Bloom, Abeed and Shankar, 2004).
... the lead policy is set up by and
employer......(bloom et al., 1976).
f. For more than six
authors, use the “et al.” even from the first
g. Referring a
software follows exactly the style of referring a
book with city and publisher.
Brown, M.W. (1982).
This is the title of a book
(2nd ed.). City: Publisher.
Chin, Y. (1988).
This is the title of a part of a book.
In A.R. Finley, S.R. Taft and M.N.
Piper (Eds.), this is the book title. (pp. 25-37). City: Publisher.
Clark, B.W. (1988).
This is the title of a paper appearing in a published proceeding.
In A. B.
Cook (Ed.), Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the Society of
Experimental Results (pp. 49-78). City: Publisher.
Fourney, T.T. and Heller, R.N.
(January, 1991). This is the title of an
unpublished paper presented at a meeting. Paper presented at the 103rd
annual meeting of the Society of Experimental Results, City of Meeting, Country.
Goff, A.M. (1987).
This is the title of a journal article.
Journal of Experimental Results,
Green, M. (1988, January).
This is the title of a magazine article. Magazine of Today, pp. 6-12.
Johnson, R.S. (1989, October 1).
This is the title of a newspaper article. The Daily News, pp. 1,6-8.
Jones, M.J. and Smith, A.R. (1990).
This is the title of a report (Report No. 90- 1428). City: Publisher.
Miller, G.M. (1988).
This is the title of a master’s thesis. Unpublished master’s thesis,
Name of the university, City, Country.
Simmons, M.T. (1987).
This is the title of a doctoral dissertation (Doctoral dissertation, Name
of the university, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 1202.
Burke, T.E. and Lemon, S.D. (1995).
Title of the article or information. Available from :www.fao.org/waicent/fOrestiflfo/burke/m-ain.htm
[Accessed 25 August 2004].