International Journal of Business & Management Science

PRINT: ISSN 1837-6614; ONLINE: ISSN 1985-692X

A 21 Century Journal of Business and Management Science



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Volume 1 Number 1

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Ethics and Decision Making in Journal Publishing: An Emerging Issue to Be Addressed

MNCs, Global Innovation Networks and Developing Countries: Insights from Motorola in China Download the abstract

This paper aims at complementing the existing literature on globalization of innovations. More specifically, the paper contributes to the literature on the role of developing countries in MNCs global innovation networks (GINs). The bulk of the existing literature has proven useful in explaining process of concentration of MNCs GINs in OECD countries and thus implicitly explaining why developing countries play a marginal role only. A new and smaller stream of literature has started to identify why developing countries nevertheless have started to emerge as marginal yet important players in MNCs GINs. This paper extents our understanding of the evolutionary processes in MNCs GINs in developing countries and introduces intra-country spatial dynamics. The insights are based on an in-depth case study on Motorola’s GIN where special attention is paid to China’s changing role and how and why Motorola includes ‘new’ Chinese city-regions in its GIN.  

Assessing Production Efficiency of Islamic Banks and Conventional Bank Islamic Windows in Malaysia Download the abstract

This study presents new perspectives on performance evaluation of Islamic banking operations in Malaysia, by investigating for the first time, both cost and profit efficiency of full-fledged Islamic banks and Islamic window operations of domestic and foreign banks. The application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique has provided several efficiency measures such as allocative, pure technical and scale efficiency that explain cost and profit efficiency differentials among banks. The findings of the study show that Islamic banking operators are relatively more efficient at controlling costs than at generating profits. The main contributor for cost efficiency of domestic and foreign banks comes from resource management and economies of scale respectively. These findings have implications on the reform process carried out in the aftermath of Asian financial crisis, particularly the Financial Sector Master Plan (FSMP).

Female Entrepreneurship in Kosova: Does Gender Difference Hypothesis Hold? Download the abstract

The topic of female entrepreneurship is considered by many scholars as separate field of inquiry, within broad domain of entrepreneurship research. Despite a growing interest in researching this topic, in transition countries, it remains a neglected area of study. Hence, this paper aims to fulfill the gap by bringing some empirical evidence from transitional perspective. We aim to test gender difference hypothesis across four dimensions: individual, organizational, and environmental dimension. First results indicate that the unfavorable position of women in the Kosovar society, deeply rooted in traditional behaviors is also reflected in entrepreneurial developments. Extremely low female entrepreneurial participation (8.4) and female entrepreneurial activity (3.7) prove imbalanced position of female entrepreneurs. However, it is encouraging that female business sector in Kosova is continuously growing hence this should be supported by adequate policies. With respect to gender differences we revealed that only in terms of organizational dimension the gender difference hypothesis holds.

Interactional Justice between Pay Level, Job Satisfaction and Job Performance within Malaysian Institutions of Higher  Learning Download the abstract

This study was conducted to examine the mediating role of interactional justice in the relationship between pay level, job satisfaction and job performance using 917 usable questionnaires that were collected from employees who have worked in Malaysian institutions of higher learning. The outcomes of stepwise regression analysis showed that the inclusion of interactional justice in the analysis had increased the effect of pay level on both job satisfaction and job performance. This result confirms that interactional justice does act as a full mediating variable in the pay level models of the organizational sector sample. In addition, implications of this study to pay system theory and practice, conceptual and methodological limitations, as well as directions for future research are also discussed.

Internet Piracy among Business Students: An Application of Triandis Mode Download the abstract

This paper reports the findings from a survey of 116 Business Students intention towards Internet piracy. This study was based on the Triandis (1980) model which proposed six factors that influence intention to perform a behavior but only four factors are discussed in this paper. Results from the study shows that habit has a positive relationship with affect towards internet piracy. Perceived consequences and social factors were positively related to intention towards internet piracy. Besides that, affect was found not to be a significant predictor of intention towards internet piracy.  The awareness from the individual is the most important thing in order to prevent the widespread problem of internet piracy. Implications of the study are discussed and recommendations for future research are provided.

Relationship between Learning Organization and Transformational Leadership: Banking Organizations in India Download the abstract

The study identifies the relationship between transformational leadership and learning organization in the banking sector in India and concludes that transformational leadership plays a vital role in the development of learning organization. It further contends that two major characteristics of the transformational leader, i.e., articulate vision and intellectual stimulation tend to provide the members of an organization with a sense of direction and creative thinking which in turn enhance organizational learning in turbulent environment.

Government Inclusion in Porter’s Diamond: The Case of Argentina Download the abstract

Porter’s Determinates of International Country Attractiveness model (diamond model) has been the standard used to determine “where” firms should expand internationally.  Porter’s (1990) determinants include (1) demand conditions, (2) related and supporting industries, (3) strategy, structure, and rivalry and (4) factor conditions. Porter makes the assumption that industries within international markets are privatized.  However, in some countries, industries remain state owned.  This limits the model’s applicability.  This paper adds value to the literature by presenting the impact of government on Porter’s diamond; particularly in countries where state ownership still exists. Argentina was selected for this analysis and to develop a revised model since many industries within Argentina are owned by the state.

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